Gum recession also called gingival recession, can be harmful to your mouth’s health.
When the gingival tissue recedes enough to expose a tooth’s root, sensitivity or root decay may develop. The softer root surface decays faster than the enamel on the tooth’s crown.
There are two forms of gingiva in the mouth:
- Attached gingiva which is the thick, pink tissue that hugs the teeth and is attached firmly to the underlying bone and
- Unattached gingiva also known as mucosa which is the soft, thin, moveable tissue that makes up the inside of the lips and cheeks.
Gum recession occurs when the edge of the gingival tissue moves away from the crown of the tooth.
One of the main causes of gum recession is an irregular or abnormal tooth position. A tooth may protrude because it was overcrowded when permanent teeth began to push through the tissue. As a result, inadequate jaw bone covers the root of the tooth.
Heredity is also a factor. A person may have a genetic propensity for thin, fragile or insufficient gingival tissue. Other causes of gum recession are aggressive or excessive tooth brushing, periodontal disease and trauma to gingival tissues.
When minor gum recession is ignored, continued recession and bone loss around teeth are very likely. Treatment methods vary according to the severity and type of gum recession. If it is due to excessive or aggressive brushing, one of our dental office staff members or Dr. Phillips can show you how to brush properly.
Soft-tissue gum graft surgery and other procedures help create more attached gingiva to prevent gum recession from progressing and to help regenerate and re-establish root coverage.
If it is determined that gum recession is caused by periodontal disease, the first step involves scaling and root planing. For many patients, this treatment coupled with excellent oral hygiene at home and regular dental checkups can help stop periodontal disease and prevent further gingival loss.
If you are experiencing gum recession, call our office and schedule a dental checkup today – Brit Phillips DDS Fort Worth 817-361-1999.